British Citizenship

As a British citizen, you can live and work in the UK free from immigration controls. Unless you are British by descent, you must apply to be granted British citizenship. There are different ways to become a British citizen. The most common is called 'naturalisation'.

What is Naturalisation?

British naturalisation is the process by which you can apply to become a British citizen. Applications can be made by individuals who are married to a British citizen, or by individuals who meet certain criteria for ‘naturalisation’.


  • You are 18 or over.
  • You can apply on behalf of a child on behalf of a child under 18 if they meet the eligibility criteria. They don’t have to pass the Life in the UK Test.
  • You are of good character, (you don’t have a serious or recent criminal record, immigration offences and civil matters which may disbar you.
  • You’ll continue to live in the UK.
  • You have been granted indefinite leave to remain in the UK at least 12 months before the date of your application.
  • You have lived in the UK for at least the 5 years before the date of your application.
  • You have spent no more than 450 days outside the UK during those 5 years and no more than 90 days outside the UK in the last 12 months.
  • You’ve met the knowledge of English and life in the UK requirements.
  • There are different requirements if your spouse or civil partner is a British citizen.

After You Have Applied

Certificate of Naturalization

  • Once your application is approved, you’ll receive ‘Certificate of Naturalization’.
  • You’ll be invited to book a place at a citizenship ceremony if you’re over 18. Citizenship ceremonies are organised by your local council.
  • If you’re registering to become a British citizen and you can’t be in the UK, your citizenship ceremony will take place at the embassy or consulate in the country you’re living in.
  • You’ll need to make an oath or affirmation of allegiance at a citizenship ceremony.
  • You won’t need to attend a citizenship ceremony if you’re registering to become a British overseas territories citizen, British overseas citizen or British subject.

Citizenship Certificate

  • After oath or affirmation of allegiance at a citizenship ceremony, you’ll be presented with your certificate of British citizenship and a welcome pack.
  • Once you’re a British citizen you can apply for a British passport.
  • You can’t use your biometric residence permit for travel once you’ve become a British citizen.

How can we help you?

Joyya Law Associates can provide you with advice and explain: the documents you must include with your application, prepare and submit your application and draft representations in support of your application, if needed.

We understand that immigration law relevant to Naturalisation is not as straightforward as it is thought to be, so it makes sense to seek specialist advice before you start the process.

Joyya Law Associates’ Immigration Solicitors are here to give you a friendly, comprehensive and realistic advice on your Application.

If you would like to know more about any of these areas of law, simply call us on 0161 835 1607 or complete our online enquiry form.